Verbs are words that expresses an action, an occurrence or a state of being. It is often described as the "doing" or "being" word in a sentence. Verbs are extremely important and every sentence requires a verb. The verb in a sentence tells us what the subject is doing. Below are some examples:

Verbs to express action: run, jump, sing, write, swim, eat, dance

Verbs to indicate occurence: happen, occur, arise, develop, evolve, emerge, result

Verbs to denote state of being: be, exist, belong, seem, remain, stay

Verbs indicating actions:


1) The teacher graded the exams.

2) The baker kneaded the dough.

3) I painted the fence.

4) They watched the movie.

5) She cleaned the kitchen.

Verbs indicating an occurence:


1) The sun rises in the east.

2) The sun sets in the west..

3) The earthquake shook the ground.

4) The flowers bloomed in the spring.

5) The snow melted in the warm sun.

Verbs indicating a state of being:


1) She seems happy.

2) They appear tired.

3) He looks tall.

4) The cake smells delicious.

5) The room feels stuffy.

Types of Verbs

Apart from being classified as an action verb, an occurrence, or a state-of-being verb, a verb may also be categorized as one of the following:

1) Stative Verb

2) Transitive Verb

3) Intransitive Verb

4) Auxiliary Verb

5) Modal Verb

6) Phrasal Verb

1) Stative Verb

Stative verb is a type of verb that describes a state or condition that does not involve an action. Stative verbs express a state of being or a mental state rather than an action. They typically relate to thoughts, emotions, relationships, senses, states of being, and measurements.

Here's an example sentence with a stative verb:

"I love chocolate."

In this sentence, the verb "love" is a stative verb because it refers to a feeling or emotional state that someone experiences, and does not describe an action.


1) I love chocolate.

2) He feels tired.

3) The flowers smell wonderful.

4) She knows the answer.

5) He believes in ghosts.

2) Transitive Verb

Transitive verb is a type of verb that requires an object to complete its meaning in a sentence. The object of a transitive verb receives the action of the verb.

Here's an example sentence with a transitive verb:

"I bought a book."

In this sentence, the verb "bought" is a transitive verb because it requires an object ("a book") to complete its meaning. The object is what the verb is acting upon.


1) She drank water.

2) He read the book

3) They kicked the ball.

4) I baked a cake.

5) The dog chased the cat.

3) Intransitive Verb

An intransitive verb is a type of verb that does not require an object to complete its meaning. In other words, the verb stands on its own and does not need an object to make sense.

Here's an example sentence with a intransitive verb:

"She runs."

In this sentence, the verb "runs" is an intransitive verb because it does not require an object to complete its meaning. The sentence simply describes the action of the subject, &quotshe,&quot without any other object being acted upon.


1) He slept.

2) They laughed.

3) The birds flew.

4) She cried.

5) He sings.

4) Auxiliary Verb

An auxiliary verb (also called a helping verb) is a verb that is used together with another main verb to form a verb phrase. Auxiliary verbs are used to express various grammatical aspects such as tense, mood, and voice.

Here's an example sentence with a auxiliary verb:

"I am studying for my exam."

In this sentence, the auxiliary verb "am" is used together with the main verb "studying" to form the present continuous tense. The auxiliary verb "am" is used to indicate that the action is currently in progress.


1) She is watching TV.

2) They have finished their homework.

3) He will be working late tonight.

4) We were studying for our exam.

5) You should study more often.

5) Modal Verb

Modal verbs are used to express modality or the speaker's attitude toward the action or situation being described. They are used to indicate possibility, ability, permission, obligation, and more.

Here's an example sentence with a modal verb:

"We must finish this project by tomorrow."

In this sentence, The modal verb "must" is used to indicate that the action of finishing the project is required and necessary. The speaker is saying that there is no option but to finish the project by tomorrow.


1) I can swim very well.

2) They should study for their exam.

3) He must arrive on time for the meeting.

4) We may have pizza for dinner tonight.

5) You should eat your vegetables.

6) Phrasal Verb

A phrasal verb is a verb that consists of a main verb and one or more particles, usually adverbs or prepositions. When combined with the main verb, these particles change the meaning of the verb and create a new expression.

For example, the phrasal verb "look up" means to search for information in a reference source, such as a dictionary or encyclopedia. In this phrasal verb, "look" is the main verb and "up" is the particle that changes the meaning of the verb.

Here are a few phrasal verbs.

Bring up - to mention or introduce a topic in a conversation.

Take off - to leave quickly or suddenly.

Give in - to surrender or yield to someone or something.

Put off - to postpone or delay something.

Get over - to recover from an illness or emotional trauma.


1) He brought up the topic of politics during dinner.

2) The plane took off from the runway.

3) She refused to give in to their demands.

4) He had to put off his vacation plans because of a work emergency.

5) It took her a while to get over her fear of public speaking.

Verb tenses